家庭暴力损害赔偿包括什么社会功能

家庭暴力损害赔偿包括什么社会功能你好,关于上述的问题,解答如下, 家庭暴力损害赔偿的社会功能:
1、填补损害
损害赔偿作为侵权行为法的基本救济手段,最基本的功能就是填补受害人的损害。通过补偿损失,使受损害的权益得到救济和恢复。对与家庭暴力损害赔偿,财产损害赔偿旨在填补损害,保障受害者合法权益。我国民法通则第120条对精神损害之民事责任规定了两种方式,一为非财产责任,另一为财产责任,即支付赔偿金,论其本质,亦属损害赔偿,与财产之金钱损害赔偿并无不同,因而具有损害赔偿所具有的基本功能即填补损害。
2、精神慰抚
如前所述,家庭暴力损害赔偿包括财产损害赔偿和精神损害赔偿。虽亦采用财产损害方式,但精神损害赔偿本身兼具经济补偿和精神慰抚的性质。精神损害之抚慰金是一种特殊赔偿金,兼具经济补偿和精神慰抚的双重功能:一是从经济上填补损害,二是抚慰受害方因合法权益遭受损害之痛苦。因为,对于精神损害而言,不能完全客观的以金钱计量和赔偿。所以给付慰抚金除尽可能填补损害外,更主要的是慰抚被害人因精神损害所生之痛苦、失望、怨愤与不满。有加害人给付慰抚金使受害人获得心里上的慰籍,平息其怨愤、报复感情。而我国民法通则120条未规定给付慰抚金制度,制订民法典建议稿中,已增加此制度。
3、制裁、预防违法行为
损害赔偿作为侵权者应承担的民事责任之
一,具有制裁和预防违法行为的功能,虽西方多数学者否认损害赔偿,具有制裁违法的作用,但亦有学者承认抚慰金“确实含有惩罚之因素”。笔者认为通过令侵权行为人承担损害赔偿责任,使侵权者不仅未因侵权行为获益,而且对其侵权行为之损害后果承担赔偿责任,这本身就体现了对违法行为的制裁,并且对其他有可能发生侵权行为的人而言也有警戒和预防作用。不好意思,这个问题暂未有人回答请前往已解决板块寻找答案。
文章标题: 家庭暴力损害赔偿包括什么社会功能
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